The death of Andres Bonifacio. His refusal. Arrested. Tried and sentenced. The rigged election at Tejeros in 1897 that catapulted Emilio Aguinaldo to win over Andres Bonifacio becomes the marching torch to his death. Bonifacio and his brother Procopio tried for treason and sedition; convicted and sentenced to death.
On this day in 1863, in Tondo, Manila, the great Filipino patriot and nationalist Andres Bonifacio was born. Son of poor parents with little formal education and worked at J.M. Fleming & Co. as a broker—a British trading company. Later on, he moved to a German company to work as a grocer. Married twice. No surviving children.
Andres Bonifacio: Father of Philippine Revolution
On August 23, 1896, he led the Filipino defiance against Spanish colonizers. The “Cry of Pugadlawin” was born. Bonifacio led thousands of revolutionary followers tearing their community tax certificates (cedula) as a symbol for their staunch defiance against the Spanish colonial regime.
On August 30, 1896, Bonifacio led the battle of San Juan del Monte—considered as the first legitimate battle in the Philippine revolution.
When death of Andres Bonifacio comes from his refusal
Bonifacio’s widow Gregoria de Jesus exposes on her handwritten account that the 1897 Tejeros election as rigged and fraudulent. That this rigged election makes Bonifacio’s rival Emilio Aguinaldo win.
Bonifacio expressed refusal. He launched the call for independence against Spain that later on led him arrested by Emilio Aguinaldo’s followers. Tried and convicted.
Accordingly, Aguinaldo tried to commute the sentence, but the execution went on. On May 10, 1897, Andres Bonifacio and his brother Procopio was executed by firing squad in Maragondon, Cavite.
Blogger since 2011, fascinated by law, politics, statecraft, spirituality, and ontological mathematics is a former editor-in-chief of an official student publication in a state university, textbook editor in a book publishing company, and citizen journalist for a global online media outfit. Regel Javines also spent a short stint in the The Manila Times as a deskman for local and foreign business news. [See all his articles…]